Essays in Developmental Psychology

Edited by Randall Summers, Charles Golden, Lisa Lashley, & Erica Ailes

Thank you for visiting ESSAYS IN DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY. This project originally started out as part of an encyclopedia of developmental psychology coordinated by Dr. Randall Summers. At the last minute--after most of the work was done, the publisher was no longer in a position to publish the encyclopedia. This project was undertaken so that thousands of hours of work by psychologists would not be wasted, Please enjoy any of these essays relevant to your interests and feel free to cite them using the proper reference. If you see anything that needs to be corrected or if we missed a topic you would like to contribute, please contact the managing editor Dr. Charles J. Golden.

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Note: Please use the following APA format to cite articles from this work:
Beaujean, A., & Greeley, H. (2020). Correlational studies. In R. Summers, C. Golden, L. Lashley, & E. Ailes (Eds.), Essays in Developmental Psychology. Retrieved from https://www.assessmentpsychologyboard.org/edp/


Title Author(s) Year WORD PDF
Abraham Low Jimenez, J., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Adolescence: Bio-physiological development Allen, T. 2020
Adolescent alcohol use Klein, M. 2020
Adolescent death Fitzgibbon, K., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Adolescent depression Kumm, S. 2020
Adolescent drug use Klein, M. 2020
Adolescent sexuality Tobin, C. 2020
Adolescent social development Osborne, R. 2020
Adopted children Galobardi, M., Lashley, L, & Golden, C.J. 2020
Age discrimination Walker, R. 2020
Aggression in children Lathan, E. 2020
Albert Bandura Marshall, J. 2020
Ali ibn Salh Rabban al-Tabari Pirooz, M., & Santo, J. 2020
Altruism and children Trinidad, B., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Andreas Demetriou Lowry, B., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Andrew N. Meltzoff Cornelius-White, J., & Test, J. 2020
Anxiety in old age Fitzgibbon, K., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Assisted living Zachar-Tirado, R., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Attachment theory: John Dollard and Neal Miller Cabrera, C., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Attachment theory: Schaffer and Emerson Cornelius-White, J., & Test, J. 2020
Attention McGee, B., & Wu, R. 2020
Attention in old age McCarrey, A. 2020
Battered woman syndrome Lathan, E., & Langhinrichsen-Rohling, J. 2020
Behavioral genetics Strong, A., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Binge drinking Theberge, K., & Goedereis, E. 2020
Bio-physiological developmental during adulthood Boix Braga, M., Golden, C., & Lashley, L. 2020
Birth complications Burley, C., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Blended families Trinidad, B., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Bowlby, John Lieneman, C., Simpson, M., & McNeil, C. 2020
Brain plasticity Wu, R. 2020
Brain study techniques Brown, R. 2020
Building blocks of language: Speech perception in infants (Eimas et al., 1971) Mahathantila, S., & Santo, J. 2020
Career plateauing Tran, V., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Carl R. Rogers Cornelius-White, J. 2020
Cellular theories of aging Strong, A., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Charles Darwin Santo, M. & Santo, J. 2020
Childbirth approaches Galobardi, M., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Cognitive dissonance Nelson, A., & Goedereis, E. 2020
Cohabitation Williams, S., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Complex emotions Choe, J., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Correlational studies Beaujean, A., & Greeley, H. 2020
Craik & Lockhart: Levels of processing Cartwright, M. & Kloos, H. 2020
Cross-sectional studies Beaujean, A., & Gutierrez, A. 2020
Daniel Levinson McCullough, G., & Fitch, T. 2020
David F. Bjorklund Brown, R. 2020
Death anxiety Williams, S., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Dementia McCarrey, A. 2020
Demographics of aging Stebbins, L., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Dependent care Galobardi, M., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Depression in older adulthood Walker, R., & Capone-Wash, D. 2020
Developmental disabilities Tirado, C. 2020
Divorce, effect on development Bajnath, V., Lashley, L. & Golden, C.J. 2020
Divorce, effect on relationships Boston, N., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Durable power of attorney Carlson, C. 2020
Early stages of sociocultural development Persinger, L., & Persinger, J. 2020
Ecological systems approach in sociology Hincapie, D., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Edouard Claparède Tirado, C., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Egocentrism Pringer, S., & Goedereis, E. 2020
Embryonic stem cell research Abu-Suwa, H., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Emotional expression in children Herman, C., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Emotions- The basics Trinidad, B., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Empty nest syndrome Grodner, K., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Environmental teratogens Strong, A., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Ethical research Nguyen, S. & Shigeto, A. 2020
Ethnic identity formation in a changing world DeVries, K., & Santo, J. 2020
Experimental studies Beaujean, A., & Gutierrez, A. 2020
Fast mapping Kloos, H., & McIntire, H. 2020
Fine motor skills Strong, A., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Formal operational period Cunningham, K., & Kloos, H. 2020
Forms of parenting Jimenez, J., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Friendship among children Herman, C., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Friendship- Adulthood Trinidad, B., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Gardner’s view of intelligence Courrégé, S., & Weed, N. 2020
Generativity Burley, C., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Gifted children Burgess, J., Lashley, L. & Golden, C.J. 2020
Grandparenthood Okolichany, R., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Groups and development Jimenez, J., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Handedness Abu-Suwa, H., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Harry Harlow’s nature of love (1958) Santo, J. 2020
Heinz Werner Fleuchaus, E., Cunningham, K., & Kloos, H. 2020
Heredity Burley, C., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Ibn al-Haytham (Alhazen) Pirooz, M., & Santo, J. 2020
Infant and childhood sexuality Tobin, C. 2020
Infant imitation and social interaction Bartes, C., & Aldrich, N. 2020
Infant memory Beffel, J., & Aldrich, N. 2020
Infant speech perception and babbling Schanding, B. 2020
Information processing theory (R.J. Lachman) Diah, K., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Intelligence in adulthood Pudumjee, S., & Weed, N. 2020
Intelligence testing Duzer, H., & Kreskey, D. 2020
Intelligence- Hierarchical Maston, B., & Kreskey, D. 2020
Intersensory redundancy Cartwright, M., & Kloos, H. 2020
James Marcia- Identity status Hammons, N. 2020
James Mark Baldwin Harcourt, S. 2020
Jean Piaget Pegg, K., & Kracen, A. 2020
Jerome Bruner Tully, M., & Santo, J. 2020
Job dissatisfaction Scott, D., Farrel-Smith, D., Garren, A., & Wegley, H. 2020
Job satisfaction Stelzer, V., & Procter, J. 2020
John B. Watson Nelson, A., & Kracen, A. 2020
Kenneth B. Clark Kennedy, K., & Howard, S. 2020
Kieran Egan Lowry, B., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Learning McGee, B., & Wu, R. 2020
Learning (Communication) Waltzer, T., & Kloos, H. 2020
Learning disabilities Woodward, M., & Persinger, L. 2020
Leisure activities Wu, R. 2020
Lifelong learning Wu, R. 2020
Life review Burley, C., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Life story model approach to understanding personality Stanley, N., 2020
Lifespan construct Gilmore, M., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Lifespan development Wu, R. 2020
Lifespan perspective Eikevik, L. 2020
Longevity Datoc, A., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Longitudinal studies Beaujean, A. 2020
Love Grodner, K., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Love (components) Sattaur, Z., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Mamie P. Clark Hill, J., Howard, S., & Kennedy, K. 2020
Maria Montessori Braun, V., & Kreskey, D. 2020
Marriage Fitzgibbon, K., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Marriage in old age Fornalski, N., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Mary Salter Ainsworth Vital, C., & Kreskey, D. 2020
Mathematical skills Brown, R. 2020
Memory change in old age Penningroth, S., Sensibaugh, T., & Muñoz Gómez Andrade, A. 2020
Memory development Penningroth, S., Muñoz Gómez Andrade, & A., Sensibaugh, T. 2020
Memory strategies Miyake, T., & Fulton, E. 2020
Mental models in children Eikevik, L., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Metabolic theories of aging Burley, C., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Metacognition Fulton, E., & Miyake, T. 2020
Michael Rutter Lowry, B., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Midlife physical changes Horne, K., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Midlife stress Diah, K., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Mirror test of infant self-awareness Bekkala, J., & Aldrich, N. 2020
Muhammad ibn Zakariya Razi Pirooz, M., & Santo, J. 2020
Multiple regression DeLucia, C., Pratt, K., & Strong, A. 2020
Naïve theories Fleuchaus, E., & Kloos, H. 2020
Nervous system Strong, A., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Newborn reflexes Bennett, R., Lashley, L., & Golden, C. J. 2020
Newborn senses Bennett, R., Lashley, L., & Golden, C. J. 2020
Nursing homes Garcia, J., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Nutrition and growth Burley, C., Lashley, L., & Golden, C. J. 2020
Obesity McMullin, S., & Goedereis, E. 2020
Occupational choice Vitale, G.J. 2020
Parental influence Burgess, J., Lashley, L., & Golden, C. J. 2020
Parenting dimensions Sheffler, P., & Cheung, C. 2020
Patriarchal violence Flowers, F., & Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Perception Burley, C. Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Person perception in childhood and adolescence, W.J. Lively and D.B. Bromley, 1973 Goulart, W., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Personal control and domains Vitale, G.J. 2020
Personal control beliefs Kurzu, S., & Goedereis, E. 2020
Perspective taking- Stages Herman, C., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Physical growth, adolescent Datoc, A., Bajnath, V., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Physiological changes in old age Zachar-Tirado, R., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Piaget’s conservation experiments Shenbanjo, M., & Kloos, H. 2020
Play and gender Pirooz, M., & Santo, J. 2020
Possible selves Burley, C., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Prenatal development Abu-Suwa, H., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Preoperational period Abu-Suwa, H., Lashley, L.,& Golden, C.J. 2020
Programmed cell death Coetzee, S., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Prosocial reasoning Bennett, R., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Psychological development during childhood Milligan, M., Doss, K., & Crawford, S. 2020
Psychological development in adulthood: Cognition, emotions, and personality Estrada, G., & Azmitia, M. 2020
Psychological development: Cognition, emotions, personality Knight-Kuhnley, A., Carapezza, K., & Sibey, G. 2020
Psychomotor speed in old age Chakranarayan, C., & Weed, N. 2020
Rachel Barr Abu-Suwa, H., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Reasons for divorce Bennett, R., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Representative sampling Choe, J., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Robbers cave study summary Woodward, M., & Persinger, L. 2020
Robert Stoller Abu-Suwa, H., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Role transitions Fornalski, N., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Secondary mental abilities Fitzgibbon, K., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Self-esteem from a developmental perspective Santo, J. 2020
Senior adult sexuality Tobin, C. 2020
Sensorimotor period Muñoz, M., & Kloos, H. 2020
Sequential studies Beaujean, A. 2020
Sexual harassment in middle and high schools Tobin, C. 2020
Sexual stereotypes in older adulthood Walker, R., Bohnert, E., & DeMoss, K. 2020
Sexuality: Issues in adulthood Michl, T., & Kracen, A. 2020
Sexually transmitted diseases Flowers, F., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Sibling relationships in old age Okolchany, R., Lashley, L., & Golden, C. J. 2020
Singlehood Keith, M., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Smith and Thelen- Dynamic systems theory Daro, A., & Ryalls, B. 2020
Social exchange theory Goulart, W., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Social groups and development Jimenez, J., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Social rejection Jimenez, J., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Speech (building blocks) Okolichany, R., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Spirituality Diah, K., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Stages of labor Lupton, A., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Stephen J. Ceci Zachar-Tirado, R., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Stereotype thinking Stebbins, L., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Stress (personality type) Datoc, A., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Student motivation – Traditional vs. nontraditional college students Johnson, M. 2020
Studs Terkel’s 1974 alienation study Tully, M., & Santo, J. 2020
Subjective well-being Datoc, A., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Success and intelligence Hamilton, H., & Weed, N. 2020
Systematic observation Trinidad, B., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Temperament Shigeto, A. 2020
The concrete operational period of development Olson, R., Eackles, K., Kepple, C., & McNeil, C. 2020
The life of Susan Sutherland Isaacs Caldwell, C. 2020
The looking chamber experiment Hincapie, D., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
The marshmallow task Brabson, L., Coffey, H., Ruckle, M., McNeil, C. 2020
The missing child experiment Hudson, P., Amico, M., & Lai, B. 2020
The “Doll Studies”, Kenneth B. Clark and Mamie P. Clark, 1947 Howard, S., & Kennedy, K. 2020
Trait stability Vitale, G.J. 2020
Types of play Giles, R. 2020
Unemployment Scott, D., Summer, C., Roberson, T., & Edwards, R. 2020
Urie Bronfenbrenner Fullerton,W., & Kreskey, D. 2020
Uta Frith Uberti, M., & Kloos, H. 2020
Vision in infants McGee, B., & Wu, R. 2020
Wear and tear theory of aging Sattaur, Z., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Widowhood Horne, K., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Wimmer and Perner 1983 Daro, A., & Santo, J. 2020
Wisdom Tran, V., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Word learning rules in children Herman, C., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Word learning styles Hincapie, D., Lashley, L., & Golden, C.J. 2020
Work-family conflict Daro, A., & Ammons, S. 2020
Writing skills: The essentials Braun, G. 2020
Erikson's Psychosocial Theory Yuen, C.N. & Santo, J.B. 2020
Miyake and Fulton, memory strategies Miyake, T.M., & Fulton, E.K. 2020
Parten's play experiment Yuen, C.N. & Santo, J.B. 2020
Self-concept from a developmental perspective Yuen, C.N. & Santo, J.B. 2020
Title Author(s) Year WORD PDF